[1] As of 2020, the work has been translated into about 41 world languages. His popular translations included those of the Tirukkural and Tiruvachagam. Thirukkural is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organised into 133 chapters. Back of the Book Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, a living legend, yoga master and author of Merging with Siva, recognized the immense value of the Tirukural in 1949 as a young seeker in Sri Lanka. The great attraction of Thirukkural for the missionaries and others has been its ethical content. the Book of Virtue and the Book of Wealth. [like very much, love; e.g. All the couplets translated by me, either in full or part, have been marked with initials ‘NV’. G.U. But no translation has succeeded in capturing the exquisiteness of the original. [citation needed] There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the … It has been translated to various other languages. G.U. The book is very well sculptured in the form of 1330 couplets organized into 133 chapters. His popular translations included those of the Tirukkural and Tiruvachagam. It has been translated into Latin, German, French, Dutch, Finish, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Fiji, Malay, and Burmese and into such Indian languages as Sanskrit, Urdu, Marathi, Bengali, Hindi, Telugu, and Malayalam. German. [coll.] Was ist Huld und ihr Gegentheil? Valluvar’s Thirukkural has been translated into Latin, German, French, English, Russian and Sinhala. [citation needed] There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the … It is truly an apple of gold in a network of silver. It has lots of exciting features built into it. English. This FREE and AD-FREE app is the best of all Thirukkural apps available in 10 Languages TAMIL, ARABIC, TELUGU, KANNADA, HINDI, MALAY, GERMAN, RUSSIAN, FRENCH and ENGLISH. Thirukkural is also translated into the Vakpoli language spoken by Nerikurvar. He belongs to the 3rd Sangam period in the history of Tamil literature, somewhere between Third Century and Second Century AD. The first translations of the Kural text into German were made by August Friedrich Caemmerer in 1803 and by Friedrich Rückert in 1847. Not being a scholar in Tamil, I had to depend on concordances to know the meaning of many words. I would like to combine this question with another of the same type I found in the question list of the Quora and give my answer below: I have given below some quotable quotes of western scholars on Thirukural. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 17:47. The basic tuition fee for Diploma in Translation in India ranges between INR 3,000 to 5 lacs, for a span of 1 year. The first well-known complete German translation was made by Karl Graulin 1856. the Book of Virtue and the Book of Wealth. Sri Aurobindo has said: ‘Thirukkural is gnomic poetry, the greatest in planned consumption and force of execution ever written in this kind.’ Thirukkural has been translated in as many as 35 global languages, including 27 foreign languages such as English, French, German, Japanese, Latin, Malay, Portuguese and Spanish and Chinese was the latest one. You can complete the translation of 'Thirukkural given by the German-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, … One of the earliest commentaries on the Thirukkural was done by a later Tamil poet, Parimelazhagar, in the 12th century CE. Mahatma Gandhi has said that he came to know about Thirukkural from Leo Tolstoy. Tuesday, 20 June 2006. Authored by the ancient Tamil poet-philosopher Thiruvalluvar and dated around the 1st century BCE, it has been translated into at least 42 world languages, with about 57 different renderings in the English language alone. Pope. learned the Tamil language in order to enjoy Kural in the original and then proceeded to translate it into German in 1854 and into Latin in 1856. Rev. Thirukkural has been translated into a multitude of world languages including Hindi, Urdu, Latin, French, German and American English. Thirukkural has been translated into several languages,[12] including a translation into Latin by Constanzo Beschi in 1730, which helped make the work known to European intellectuals. Presenting the Tamil wisdom literature THIRUKKURAL in different languages of the world. Therefore, no translation can do justice to the poetical brevity of the Kural and its delightful rhymes and repetitious words. Unsurprisingly, children's books and fairy tales dominate the list of the most translated books throughout history. The Kural has been translated into more than thirty seven languages of the world. However, these remained incomplete. It has been translated into Latin, German, French, Dutch, Finish, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Fiji, Malay, and Burmese and into such Indian languages as Sanskrit, Urdu, Marathi, Bengali, Hindi, Telugu, and Malayalam. The word seven is taken in eight couplets / Kurals. For example, Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. world languages & the electronic text of the work on the Net THIRUKURAL of THIRUVALLUVAR is the most popular, most widely esteemed Tamil Classic of all times. It is truly an apple of gold in a network of silver”. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived during the 2 nd or 3 rd century A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived during the 2 nd or 3 rd century A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. I referred to four concordances, though heavily on the one by Subramanian and Rajalakshmi (1984). In following 37 languages: Arabic. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, an ancient Indian treatise on the ethics and morality of the commoner, is one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. There are in fact as many as eighty-two translations of the Thirukkural in foreign languages. So far, 96 scholars have translated Thirukkural in English and the first was done by Rev. Thirukkural is also translated into the Vakpoli language spoken by Nerikurvar. Die Weisen, die der Leidenschaft den Rücken kehrten, essen nicht den Leib, der dem Leben den Rücken kehrte. The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. Father C.J. The Thirukkural is one of the most revered ancient works in the Tamil language. 1. This paper seeks to study his translation of the first section of Thirukkural, Thirukkuṛaḷ is a combined word formed by joining the two words Thiru (meaning revered) and Kural (is a form of poem writing style, like Ballad in English Poems. Two words that are not in the scriptures are Tamil and God. Thirukural (or the Kural) is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organized into 133 chapters. The word seven is taken in eight couplets / Kurals. With Reverso you can find the German translation, definition or synonym for 'Thirukkural and thousands of other words. Researchers have traced the age of this work to 300 BC. Monsieur Ariel, who translated and published the third part of the Kural to French in 1848, called it "a masterpiece of Tamil literature, one of the highest and purest expressions of human thought." Etymology and nomenclature. The word ’70 kodi’ appears only once in Thirukural. Thirukkural (also known as the Kural) is one of the most important works in the Tamil language consisting of 1330 couplets or Kurals. Two words that are not in the scriptures are Tamil and God. Hungarian . According to Rev. Karl Graul, who translated the Kural into German had this to say: "No translation can convey an idea of its (Thirukkural's) charming effect. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, is considered one of the most widely translated non … After translating a good portion of the Thirukkural, Dr. Graul declared, “No translation can convey any idea of its charming effect. Czech. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived during the 2 nd or 3 rd century A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. What makes them so popular? It has been translated to various other languages There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the … Thirukkural has now been translated into Sanskrit, another classical language of India which is even older than Thirukkural. Unlike other poets, he is a poet of all times. Contextual translation of "thirukural essay on ulagam" into Tamil. Non-Indian languages: Burmese, Malay, Chinese, Fijian, Latin, French, German, Russian, Polish, Swedish, Thai, and English; The text was likely translated into Indian languages by Indian scholars over the centuries, but the palm leaf manuscripts of such translations have been rare. [2] The first well-known complete German translation was made by Karl Graul in 1856. Caemmerer translated only the first two books, viz. This work is the first translation to the English language. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, is considered one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. Authored by the ancient Tamil poet-philosopher Thiruvalluvar and dated around the 1st century BCE, it has been translated into at least 42 world languages, with about 57 different renderings in the English language alone. Ein gnomisches Gedicht über die drei Strebeziele des Menschen as the third volume of the … Fiji. As of 2014, English language alone had about 57 versions available, which is estimated to have crossed 100 by 2020. most widely translated non-religious works, "Thirukkural translations in different languages of the world", Sarvajna and Tiruvalluvar statues installation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Tirukkural_translations_by_language&oldid=989010367, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 15:18. There are more than 35 translations of the Kural in English language alone. There are numerous translations of his work in English. He published it in 220 pages under the title Der Kural des Tiruvalluver. Thirukkural with English Couplets by Tamil Chandror Peravai (Translated by Yogi Shuddhananda Bharati [1897]), Tamil Chandror Peravai, 26 Sardar Patel Road, Adyar, Chennai - 600 020 Drew, W.H, Translated by John Lazarus, Thirukkural (Original in Tamil with English Translation), ISBN 81-206-0400-8 Thirukkural is a renowned literary work in Tamil composed by the Sage Thiruvalluvar over two millennia ago. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, an ancient Indian treatise on the ethics and morality of the commoner, is one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. The Thirukkural expounds on various aspects of life and is one of the most important works in the Tamil language. Graul’s translation is considered a scholarly one by various scholars including Kamil Zvelebil, who in 1962 praised the translation thus: "As far as I know, the two best translations of Tirukkural had been till this day, Graul’s old German version … and V. V. S. Iyer’s (translation in English). Fragt man, was Gnade ist: Nicht töten – Fleisch essen ist ebensowenig Gnade wie Töten. [literally] [hand gesture in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, etc., meaning to keep one's fingers crossed (for sb.)] The word "Thirukkural" is composed of two words Thiru and Kural (திரு + குறள்) which mean `Sacred' and `Couplet' respectively. Finnish. Hindi. The Thirukkural is one of the most widely translated pieces of Tamil literature. The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. Bangla. Beschi (1700-1742) translated it into Latin. "[3] Speaking about the Kural in his introduction, Graul said, "No translation can convey any idea of its charming effect. Thirukkural has been translated into all the major languages of the World. Leute ohne Verblendung essen kernen Körper ohne Leben. French. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, an ancient Indian treatise on the ethics and morality of the commoner, is one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. With Reverso you can find the German translation, definition or synonym for 'Thirukkural and thousands of other words. Translating the Kural. Since the topics cover all aspects of life, it has a universal appeal and is the only Tamil literary work that has been translated into several languages. Ein gnomisches Gedicht über die drei Strebeziele des Menschen as the third volume of the four-volume work Bibliotheca Tamulica sive Opera Praecipia Tamuliensium. Tirukkural translations. dict.cc English-German Dictionary: Translation for [ 'Thirukkural '] [hunters' greeting] Waidmanns Heil!hunting to heart sb./sth. Those students are hired in capacities such as Judiciary Interpreter & Translator, Medical Interpreter & Translator, Sign-Language Interpreter, Conference Interpreter, Guide or Escort Interpreter, Literary Translator, Localization Translator, Language Teacher etc. As of 2015, there were at least eight translations of the Kural text available in German. thirukural on the Internet Found 1 sentences matching phrase "Thirukkural".Found in 0 ms. : Ses traductions populaires incluent Tirukkural et Tiruvachagam. He has translated works from Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Bengali and Tamil. Many commentaries have been written by several authors in Tamil, English and in other major languages of the world. G.U Pope’s translation is very widely known. Tiru is an honorific Tamil term that corresponds to the universally Indian, Sanskrit term sri meaning “holy, sacred, excellent, honorable, and beautiful.” The term tiru has as many as 19 different meanings.Kural means something that is “short, concise, and abridged.” [5], List of Tirukkural translations by language, Sarvajna and Tiruvalluvar statues installation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tirukkural_translations_into_German&oldid=999336344, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Chinese. "[4] The nineteenth century witnessed one more translation by Albrecht Frenz and K. Lalithambal in 1877 (titled Thirukural von Thiruvalluvar aus dem Tamil). The term Tirukkural is a compound word made of two individual terms, tiru and kural. It was authored by Thiruvalluvar. It has been translated to various other languages. Gujarati. Thiruvalluvar, one of the greatest authors in Indian history, wrote Thirukkural more than 2000 years ago. There are in fact as many as eighty-two translations of the Thirukkural in foreign languages. Pope. Practice Questions for Thirukkural DAY – 1 1 - 50 Questions 15-03-2020 DAY – 2 51 - 100 Questions 16-03-2020 DAY – 3 101 - 150 Questions 17-03-2020 Answer Keys will be uploaded on 18-03-2020 Visit: www.appolosupport.com Each chapter has a specific subject ranging from "ploughing a piece of land" to "ruling a country".According to the LIFCO Tamil-Tamil-English dictionary, the Tamil word Kural means Venpa verse with two lines.Thirukkural comes under one of the four categories of Venpas (Tamil verses) called Kural Venpa. Dutch. Latin was the first European language into which the Kural was translated. Tödten und Nichttödten. You can complete the translation of 'Thirukkural given by the German-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, … Beschi of the Society of Jesus (1700-1742) translated the first two books of the Kural (Virtue and Wealth) and Reverend G.U. The first translation of the Thirukkural in a European language was done in Latin by Constanzo Beschi, a Jesuit missionary in 1730. The Thirukkural, considered equivalent to the Vedas of the Hindu scriptures, has been widely translated both in Indian and European Languages and is among the oldest literary works of the world. : Ses traductions populaires incluent Tirukkural et Tiruvachagam. Thirukkural has many epithets, like vedas of the world, book from god, tamil vedas, words that never fail. [1] However, these remained incomplete. It is the only tamil literary work (possibly after the Bible) that has been translated many times in almost all languages of the world. Among the European languages, German has the third highest number of translations of the Tirukkural, after English and French. The German translation of Thirukkural influenced Russian writer Tolstoy's thinking on non-violence, Tolstoy's Letter to a Hindu which influenced Mahatma Gandhi's ideas on non-violence includes references to the Thirukkural. This work is claimed to be one of the most translated work in many languages. It has been translated in more than 30 languages and is the most translated book on ethics in the world next to Bible and Koran. Authored by the ancient Tamil poet-philosopher Thiruvalluvar, it has been translated into at least 42 world languages, with about 57 different renderings in the English language alone. Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 18:11 November 2018 J. Jaya Parveen and V. Rajesh Tirukkural Translations of G. U. Pope and Rajaji – A Comparative Study 115 1988 focuses on The Problems in the Art of Translation with Special Reference to English Versions of Tirukkural. For example, Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. Leo Tolstoy has openly admitted that he has taken the concept of non-violence from a German translation of the Kural. Unrecht ist’s auch jenes Fleisch zu essen. In English Rev. Burmese. There are also versions of Thirukkural in French by Monsleur Ariel and in German by Dr. Graul. It is a tamil book on philosophy and life in general, written by Thiruvalluvar, a sage and philosopher, about 2000 years ago. For example,Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. The German-born Nobel prize winner, Dr Albert Schweitzer described the Kural thus: “On the most varied questions concerning the conduct of man to himself and to the world, Thirukural's utterances are characterised by nobility and good sense. Viewing the Kural in all languages. Thirukkural is and remains to be the book that has been translated into the most number of languages and hence it is called “Ulaga Podhu Marai”. In 1856, Karl Graul translated the Kural into German, claiming that the Kural … Thirukkural has been translated into English by 40 people. Like the Confucian Lun Yu, which is translated as "Sacred Sayings", the common English rendering of Thiruk-Kural is Sacred Couplets. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. I ♥ NY] jdn./etw. The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. mögen [auch: gernhaben, lieben] [to press one's thumbs / thumb (for sb.)] Caemmerer translated only the first two books, viz. Thirukkural, one of the most important works in the Tamil language, is a literature on philosophy and life in general. Thiruvalluvar, a sage and philosopher, wrote it over 2000 years ago. This FREE and AD-FREE app is the best of all Thirukkural apps available in 7 Languages TAMIL, TELUGU, KANNADA, HINDI, MALAY,… Viewing the Kural in all languages. The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. Translating the Kural. Thirukkural in Sanskrit: on 2017/8/9 12:15:14 (1706 reads ) Source INDIA, June 6, 2017 (Lokvani, by K. Arvind): Thirukkural is a renowned literary work in Tamil composed by the Sage Thiruvalluvar over two millennia ago. One of the earliest commentaries on the Thirukkural was by Parimelazhagar, belonging to the 12th century. He has translated works from Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Bengali and Tamil. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. Showing page 1. Thirukkural in Latin (Latina). Thirukkural is structured into 133 chapters, each containing 10 couplets, for a total of 1330 couplets. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural . He published it in 220 pages under the title Der Kural des Tiruvalluver. Thirukkural has been translated into English by 40 people. Thirukkural was among the earliest of the Tamil classics translated by the Christian missionaries. So far, 96 scholars have translated Thirukkural in English and the first was done by Rev. It is truly an apple of gold in the network of silver." Italian. Thirukkural translation in English-German dictionary. Of `` thirukural essay on ulagam '' into Tamil its charming effect translation convey... The exquisiteness of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. four-volume! Kehrten, essen nicht den Leib, Der dem Leben den Rücken.! German by Dr. Graul declared, “ no translation can convey any idea of its charming.. The greatest authors in Indian history, wrote Thirukkural more than 2000 who translated thirukkural in german language ago sentences matching ``. Friedrich Caemmerer in 1803 and by Friedrich Rückert in 1847 by Rev into.... In 0 ms. 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