Egypt is part of the desert belt of North Africa and hence, low levels of precipitation and high variations in diurnal and seasonal temperatures characterize the climate of Egypt. Geography of Ancient Egypt - Mapping Skills Using the videos below, label your map with the following elements of Egypt's geography 1. Egypt state borders. Geography, particularly the Nile River dominated the ancient Egyptian civilisation Ancient Egypt ’s climate was hot and arid, similar to today’s The annual Nile floods renewed Egypt’s rich fields helped sustain Egyptian culture for 3,000 years Ancient Egyptians called its deserts the Red Lands as they were seen as hostile and barren The Greek philosopher Herodotus called Egypt "the gift of the Nile.". What is the Geographical Setting of Ancient Egypt? Once the land was unified and the Old Kingdom began, Egypt started to have a series of capital cities. The ancient Egyptian civilization developed along the lower Nile River to the Mediterranean Sea. As you might have guessed, the geography of ancient Egypt is all about the Nile. The Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt the "gift of the Nile", since the kingdom owed its survival to the annual flooding of the Nile and the resulting depositing of fertile silt. Of course , there were other capital cities but they were very short-lived compared to these main two. This forced the tribes to settle nearer and nearer to the Nile river since it started becoming the main source of fresh water in Egypt. Until the establishment of Alexandria by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, the following were the two most important cities of Egypt during the Pharaonic Period: Memphis: the first proper administrative capital of the Old Kingdom, after the rulers stopped using the above three centers as capitals in 3100 BCE. Ancient Egypt geography dictated the easiest route of invasion lie across the Sinai. They believed their country was divided into two distinct geographical sections, the black land (the fertile banks of the river Nile) and the red land … Egypt is located in northern Africa and shares borders with Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. How did the geography of ancient egypt help agriculture develop? The ancient Egyptians depended on the river for their survival, and till now the bulk of the population live along its banks. But then in 3100 BCE king Narmer unified the land and started the pharaonic dynastic period. The Geography of Egypt. But in fact, it wasn’t always that way. Total Size: 1,001,450 square km. < Ancient History ‎ | Egypt The geography of ancient Egypt was dominated, as is today, by the combination of lack of rainfall and the Nile River. The geography also affected the materials the civilization used to build things, and it kept the civilization relatively safe from invasion. The ancient Egyptians depended on the river for their survival, and till now the bulk of the population live along its banks. Use the drop-down menu to switch between maps. Graves, temples and artifacts were found in these areas by the thousands. Ancient Egypt - G.R.A.P.E.S The Egyptians worshiped the Pharaoh because they believed he descended from god. It flows north, beginning in East -central Africa, ending when it reaches the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River in Ancient Egypt helped agriculture develop because it provided a water source, to grow crops. There are different customs, accents and traditions found in Upper and Lower Egypt. And if you subscribe to my newsletter, you’ll be updated whenever I upload a new page or video. Winter temperatures can drop as low as three degrees Fahrenheit during the night in some towns. Ancient Egypt was divided into two regions, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. If you do not want that we track your visist to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps and external Video providers. If you did, please share it with anyone else you think might like it. Egypt was greatly affected by it’s geography, for instance Egypt's expansion was highly affected by the Nile. f='Contact' These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Geography and Agriculture Ancient Egypt developed along the valley of the Nile River, stretching from present-day SUDAN in the south to the river's broad delta on the Mediterranean Sea. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. function escramble(){ Thebes: it was where modern-day Luxor now is. Geography and early civilization: Ancient Egypt was located in northeast Africa on the banks of the Lower Nile River, the longest river in the world. The SAHARA DESERT flanked the valley on the east and west. Igneous rock, such as granite, quartz diorite and andesite, came mostly from the deserts, with the exception of the famous Aswan granite quarry on the Nile. The geography of Egypt greatly affected the unique culture these ancient people created thousands of years ago. Canaan, especially the Negev, was of keen interest to the Egyptian Pharaohs. It had Nile River, and in Nile River, there were lots of cataracts to protect Ancient Egypt from invasions(War). Geography. The geography of this desert consisted of more mountains and rocky areas than sand dunes. Quarries to find limestone were mostly built in the hills overlooking the Nile River valley. Thebes also contains the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, with hundreds of royal grave sites. The flooding of the Nile was caused by snowmelt far to the south where the Nile begins. The headwaters of this great river lie deep in Africa and every spring, snowmelt from the Ethiopian highlands poured down into the river, causing it to slowly rise. a=' escramble() The ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land, the 'black land' and the 'red land'. Before civilisation, early humans came to the Nile River to hunt, fish, and gather food, eventually leading to permanent settlements. The climate of ancient Egypt was much like today: hot and arid. The river divided into channels to the north and formed the Nile Delta. var a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i The philosopher rightly observed that everything that caused the Egyptian civilization to exist and flourish came from the Nile. The Nile floodwaters were extremely predictable, overflowing sometime in late July, then receding in November, wildly contrasting to the floods in Mesopotamia, which were unpredictable and extremely destructive when they did happen. Upper Egypt was little more than a river valley, only about two miles wide at its narrowest and 12 at its widest. Click on the different category headings to find out more. But, there was a huge difference about Mesopotamia and Egypt. Cite this page Memphis is the Greek name. Travertine and chert were also found in these quarries, while additional quarries for limestone were built near Alexandria and the area where the Nile poured into the Mediterranean. The geography …show more content… In addition, the nile flooded annually renewing the lands with rich black soil and helped support life and the growth of a great civilization (English-Online). Life in ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt can be thought of as an oasis in the desert of northeastern Africa, dependent on the annual inundation of the Nile River to support its agricultural population. All aspects of the geography of Ancient Egypt were imperative for it to evolve and The geography of ancient Egypt helped agriculture develop because agriculture depended on the location of natural features. Cities of: Memphis, Thebes, Cairo This was the religious capital during much of the New Kingdom. A huge portion of ancient remains are various types of stone, from which a lot can be gleaned about the geology of ancient Egypt. It made up most of what is now the modern Arab Republic of Egypt. The Egyptian name was actually Ineb Hedj. The Nile determined where many of the people of Egypt lived, If you look at a map of ancient Egypt the borders tightly hug the Nile because they lived in a dry desert environment, even with the slightly changed environment in ancient Africa, Egypt was still a humid and dry land. Irrigation was easy as there was lots of natural river irrigation. Sahara Desert 2. The Nile River flows north through Egypt and into the Mediterranean Sea. The former lasts from May to September and features extremely high temperatures throughout the inland areas of the country. This site uses cookies. Coastal areas would benefit from winds coming off the Mediterranean Sea, but in the interior, these winds were hardly felt and temperature was high, especially in the summer. The geography of Ancient Egypt was an interesting concept from the perspective of the ancient Egyptians themselves. A variety of sedimentary stones were used, including limestone, rock gypsum, sandstone, chert and travertine. I will never give away, trade or sell your email address. The geography of ancient Egypt is divided into 4 main parts, although there are many other subdivisions. Very little rain fell in ancient Egypt, certainly not much more than falls in the present, and so drinking water, washing water, water for crops and animals, all of it came from the Nile. There was no need at that time to settle near the Nile. Ancient Egypt flourished as the garden of the ancient world. Sitemap - Privacy policy. The well-known summation of Egypt's existence as the "gift of the Nile" came from the Greek philosopher Herodotus. Egypt is predominantly desert. Egypt shares long borders with Libya to the west and with Sudan to the south. else d=b 35,000 km - 3.5% - of the total land area is cultivated and permanently settled. The geography of ancient Egypt changed and became that of one country…. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The mountainous region of Sinai has the coolest temperatures during the night, due to its elevation. if (f) d=f b+='@' Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. View of Saharan dust blowing over Egypt and towards the Middle East. You can also change some of your preferences. You can block or delete them by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The Eastern Desert extended out to the Red Sea. You can unsubscribe at any time. Lower Egypt was the wide delta sitting where the modern city of Cairo is now. Geography Explore. The Nile River is a source of water for irrigation canals. But then around 5000 BCE, the lush green began to turn into desert. thefield.value = "" Subscribe to The Pyramid Scrolls and receive a free ebook copy of an ancient Egyptian wisdom manifesto. Deities were believed to be present in and in control of the elements and Its geography largely consisted of valleys, sand dunes and some mountainous areas. The geography of Ancient Egypt was an interesting concept from the perspective of the ancient Egyptians themselves. This is because the names come from the flow of … This wind causes humidity to drop and temperatures to soar over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Egypt's boundaries also include the Sinai Peninsula. Ancient Egyptians referred to its deserts as the Red Lands and they were considered barren and hostile. else if (h) d=g+h+i Borders: Libya, Gaza Strip, Israel, Sudan, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea. b+='' These precious gemstones were found in Sinai, the deserts and an island in the Red Sea. Tall cliffs surrounded it on either side.