Drinking or possession of alchol without the Ministry of Interior liquor permit is illegal and may result in arrest and/or fine and imprisonment. Sharia law does exist in the UAE and is used in specific circumstances, such as in the payment of blood money. 5. Throughout the UAE, stringent penalties are imposed for certain traffic violations, particularly for drinking and driving under the influence of alcohol. The Emirates of Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Ras Al-Khaimah have their own courts of cassation. [70] In all emirates, it is illegal for Muslim women to marry non-Muslims.[71]. The UAE Official Gazette is the official periodic publication of laws and decrees issued by the UAE Government. [33] Drunk-driving is strictly illegal. Several matters of social, personal life will be dealt with based on amendments announced Alcohol Laws in Dubai – Where Can You Drink Legally. The legislative branch is the unicameral Al-Majlis Al-Watani Al-Ittihadi, or Federal National Council (FNC). (1) of 2020 on Smart Dubai. However, dancing at home, or at official clubs, is accepted, anything else is considered offensive. Anyone caught selling alcohol to someone deemed underage will be punished, according to the amendments to Federal Law No 3 of 1987 of the Penal Code. It should be noted that any attempt to work illegally in Dubai is considered a crime and can land you in prison or you may be deported. However, in practice, it is far more common for a cheque to be deposited by the payee as a tool to threaten and blackmail rather than male fides on the part of the drawer. Be aware of your actions to ensure that they don’t offend, especially during the holy month of … We are providing all kind of services for UAE About the United Arab Emirates. The act would be considered a crime, and treated similar to any other assault case in a court of law. If you are found caught with what is considered an illegal substance, you are liable for an automatic four-year imprisonment prior to deportation. The branch can be 100% owned by the foreign company, but it is mandatory for the company to appoint a local service agent, which should be UAE nationals or companies owned by UAE nationals. Individual emirates have also suspended some Sharia punishments such as flogging, replacing them with jail terms. In addition to the Policy, the President of the UAE issue Federal Decree-Law No. Do it with someone even if that someone is married to you, and you’ll be prosecuted, imprisoned with a fine or you could be deported. Emiratis dress conservatively and expect expatriates also to dress conservatively when in public. The United Arab Emirates has ended lenient punishments for so-called “honour” killings, lifted a ban on unmarried couples living together and decriminalised alcohol, in reforms to personal laws. (2) of 2015 On Commercial Companies . The drugs laws are very strict in the UAE, and travellers passing through the UAE with only trace amounts of drugs on them have been imprisoned for up to four years. The UAE has announced landmark reforms to the country’s personal and civil laws covering inheritance, women’s safety, suicide, Good Samaritans and alcohol consumption. At least, the third party insurance is needed while driving in the UAE… These changes have been made to ensure that the UAE – a country where expats outnumber the local citizens – becomes a better home for over 200 nationalities that live here. "[56] The Federal Penal Code repealed only those provisions within the penal codes of individual emirates which are contradictory to the Federal Penal Code. Hence, it is important to follow the rules. UAE citizens previously required a special license to drink beer and other liquors at bars or at home. [32] Non Muslims are required to have Alcohol Licenses to be allowed to consume spirits and alcohol. A driving license is a must to drive in UAE and foreign driver’s licenses are not recognized. Laws of UAE. 1 for 1972, on the functions of the Ministries and the powers • of the Ministers, and amending laws … But, anything that is anti-Islam will not be tolerated at any level and may result in fines and imprisonment. Many of the laws and rules in Dubai are commonsense, some of the laws are just an extension of our own. Sharia law is applied for matters of personal status law, such as marriage, divorce, inheritances, and child custody, which is often applied to non-Muslim expatriates as well. 2. Page last updated on : 07/08/2019 02:46:33 PM. The UAE has no social security laws,[72] but make available welfare benefits such as free hospital and medical care, education subsidies, water, and electricity. Under article 340 of the Penal Code abortion is illegal in the United Arab Emirates except where a woman's life is at risk or the unborn child has a genetic condition that will prove to be fatal. The week continues to churn out important news, including here in the Middle East. The legal reforms were aimed to ‘consolidate UAE’s principles of tolerance’, as it continues to modernize itself. Sharia law does exist in the UAE and is used in specific circumstances, such as in the payment of blood money. Although a local sponsor is allowed to hold an employee’s passport, it is illegal to do so as per the UAE laws. [52], Homosexuality is illegal and a crime punishable by law. Federal Law No. 2 of 2015 on Commercial Companies ("Commercial Companies Law"). 6.2 The Terms and Conditions and any obligations arising out of or in connection with it shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the UAE. By virtue of the National Assistance Law, victims of catastrophic illnesses and disasters are entitled benefits. The law provides a legal framework to help distressed companies in the UAE to avoid bankruptcy and liquidation through different mechanisms which include: consensual out-of-court financial restructuring The authentication of documents is a complex process, which involves state, federal and local offices, and may take several weeks for completion. Driving License. Another big announcement in the UAE’s laws in 2020 was the ‘equality of wage’ provisions, in Federal Decree Law No. The UAE is home to more than 200 … Administrative laws Western laws are based on the theoretical concept and democracy. The codes and behaviour and dress code in UAE basically reflect the Islamic traditions of the country, and are more conservative than those of western nations. Cryptocurrency Law in UAE | UAE Blockchain Laws and Regulations In the field of financial and capital markets, the United Arab Emirates Central Bank and the Securities and Commodities Authority (SCA) are the federal regulators. As an expatriate you are bound to the laws of the country you live in. As regards succession, in bitterly fought cases, local courts could apply UAE’s Sharia law to divide assets among family members. The wills can now be prepared by wills draftsman duly registered with the Registry. Site is best viewed in a 1280x1024 screen resolution.Browser Compatibility: IE 11+ - Firefox 10+, Google Chrome 5+, Safari 1+, Opera 12+ The commercial transactions remain subject to the laws … Applicability of Labour Law of UAE The law applies to both Muslims and non-Muslims,[67] and failure to comply results in arrest.[68]. “2020 has been a tough and transformative year for the UAE,” he added. Alcohol is served at bars in some major hotels, but is intended only for the hotel guests. Check for import tax and other laws regarding establishment of businesses in the UAE. This is significant because the population of citizens in the UAE is less than 20 per cent. 16 of 2020. Business Plan Template. 6.3 Any dispute arising out of or in connection with the Terms and Conditions shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the competent courts in the UAE. Ignorance of the law is not considered or accepted as an excuse in the law court. Apostasy is a crime punishable by death in the UAE. If the medication has been prescribed by a doctor in your home country, then carry a copy of the prescription when taking medicines. ", "Britons warned to respect Ramadan while holidaying in Dubai", "Britons 'liable to Sharia divorces' in UAE", "Divorcees, widows concerned about receiving 'permission' before remarrying", "United Arab Emirates International Religious Freedom Report, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (2009)", "Social development - United Arab Emirates - future", "United Arab Emirates - Health and Welfare", Rape Laws in the United Arab Emirates and Perceptions of Rape and Sexual Assault, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Legal_system_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates&oldid=995572375, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 19:56. As per the UAE’s cybercrime laws, VPN users can face fines ranging between 500,000 and 2 million dirhams (£107,855 and £431,421) if they are “using a false IP address or a third-party address by any other means for the purpose of committing a crime or preventing its discovery”. The wording of the Federal Penal Code provides presumption of bad faith on the part of 'anyone who draws a draft without a sufficient and drawable balance'. Under the Constitution of the United Arab Emirates, each Emirate is allowed to either establish its own judiciary or to merge with the federal court system. Executive laws. The UAE Federal Law No. The UAE government has made changes to personal and family law which take effect immediately. Statutory laws. The UAE has announced landmark reforms to the country’s personal and civil laws covering inheritance, women’s safety, suicide, Good Samaritans and alcohol consumption. The UAE legal system is based off of both civil courts, modeled in the style of French, Roman, and Egyptian legal systems, as well as Sharia law, or Islamic law. Bounced cheque complaints.Charges of Assault such as Murder, Armed aggression, and Libel suits etc. [69] Non-Muslims can be liable to Sharia rulings on marriage, divorce and child custody. The dress code is part of Dubai's criminal law. Liquor licenses are issued only to non-Muslims who own UAE Residency Permits. For the UAE Laws specific translation jobs include the following: UAE Labour Law, Federal Laws, Federal Decrees, Federal Resolutions, Federal Circulars, Environmental Laws, Decretal of Federal Laws, and Local Government Laws. While beachwear is allowed in beaches, any form of nudity is not accepted. The Sharia-based personal status law is applied to Muslims and even non-Muslims. Anyone from anywhere around the world can be able to order translated laws. By law, in the UAE, there is a duty to act in good faith in all UAE contracts. UAE government has implemented wide range of economic and administrative policies which has made UAE an attractive business destination. The legal framework of the Emirates is more of a dual acting system, comprising mainly Islamic Shariah and aspects of conventional law. A passport is a must for travel to UAE. It appoints the five members representing the Federal Supreme Court, who presides over matters like constitutional law and rule. [40][41] Blasphemy is illegal, expats involved in insulting Islam are punished by deportation. Between 2009 and 2013, several people were sentenced to death by stoning. Travellers are advised to avoid transport of any arms or items that may be considered to be against the law, such as military equipment, weapon parts, tools, ammunition, body armour, handcuffs or other police equipments. While many offences are waived or just fined in the case of a first-time offender, public sex is beyond tolerance. If you are planning a trip to Dubai, all the Laws and regulations in UAE will be applicable in Dubai, too.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'guide2dubai_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_7',124,'0','0'])); The operative word in UAE is "Arab", and although Dubai is a popular and glamorous destination now, it is a Muslim country, and the laws are quite conservative. Expatriates seeking to do business in the UAE, should do considerable research, and understand the UAE laws and regulations thoroughly before entering into a business in the Emirates. Sharia law in the United Arab Emirates. Driving without license in UAE is entitled to the imprisonment of 3 months and/or fine of AED 5,000. This is what they call criminalization of rape victims. Here are some basic laws and information in the UAE, ranging from dress code to alcohol consumption rules, which may be of help. 1. For the court system and judiciary of the United Arab Emirates, see. Hence it would be wise to know the basic laws and regulations of the destination you plan to visit. 6 likes. November 7, 2020 at 4:22 pm. [55], Article 1 of the Federal Penal Code states that "provisions of the Islamic Law shall apply to the crimes of doctrinal punishment, punitive punishment and blood money. His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, issued Law No. [21] In January 2014, a man in Abu Dhabi was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment and 80 lashes for alcohol consumption and raping a toddler.[22]. Judges would entertain such requests in line with Article 1 of the Personal Status Law. Minsitry of Justice United Arab Emirates. [67] Exceptions are made for pregnant women and children. Previously, the Sharia Law could still apply to the real estate assets owned by the non-Muslims. The State (or Emirate) judicial system (النظام القضائي المحلي "local judicial system") has also trial, appeal and cassation courts. The UAE government has made changes to personal and family law which take effect immediately. Local laws and customs UAE laws and customs are very different to those in the UK. The UAE has lifted a ban on unmarried couples living together. It was one of the first countries in the Middle East to sign the United Nations Convention on Child Protection, and has addressed the rights of children in different existing laws ensuring that they are carried out effectively. There are designated smoking areas in Dubai, so it is easy to keep up the rule. The UAE government has taken bold steps in the last month to change some of the country’s most fundamental laws. Both the plaintiff and defendant are equal in the court of the law. Furthermore where the UAE courts have jurisdiction, they will usually apply UAE law instead of the governing law chosen by the parties. Certain medication and drugs are classified as narcotics in the UAE, and it is considered illegal to possess them. [35], Many western associations state that many women who reported rape but were convicted for false allegations are still victims of rape. RAK International Companies Regulations 2006-a. “I could not be happier for these new laws that are progressive and proactive,” said Emirati filmmaker Abdallah Al Kaabi, whose art has tackled taboo topics like homosexual love and gender identity. [73], This article is about the laws of the United Arab Emirates. Sharia law dictates the personal status law, which regulate matters such as marriage, divorce and child custody. Prior to 1971, the UAE consisted of seven emirates, or sheikhdoms, known as the Trucial States under a British protectorate.Following their independence on 2 December 1971, six of the emirates, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, … Throughout the UAE, stringent penalties are imposed for certain traffic violations, particularly for drinking and driving under the influence of alcohol. This Site is Best viewed in 1280x1024 screen resolution Supports IE 10+, Chrome 39+ , Safari 5.1+ and Firefox 35+ Similarly, UAE law emphasizes that possession of even trace amounts of illegal drugs can result in years of imprisonment for foreign nationals in the UAE. The United Arab Emirates Saturday (November 7) announced a slew of legal reforms relating to personal freedoms that seek to move the country away from its hardline interpretation of Islamic law. The regulations of the UAE are constantly being developed and adapted to meet the fast pace of developments happening here. [34] A woman who is found to have undergone an elective abortion may face a penalty of up to one year in prison and a fine up to 10,000 AED. [46] At Dubai's malls, females should cover their shoulders and knees, therefore sleeveless tops and short shorts are not permitted. [45] Most malls in the UAE have a dress code displayed at entrances. The UAE has enacted laws banning throwing waste and oil sludge into the water by the hundreds of tankers operating in the region. More than 45000 matters of law. Between 2007 and 2014, many people in the UAE were sentenced to 100 lashes. Cabinet Resolution No. All expatriates intending to work or live in the UAE should visit www.eida.gov.ae for keeping yourselves aware about the registration procedure and requirements for ID cards. Just as is the case in other Gulf States, the legal system in Dubai is a mix of Sharia (Islamic Law), Civil and Criminal Laws, implemented by the Federal Judiciary, comprising courts of first instance and Supreme Courts. The reform will also allow “cohabitation of unmarried couples.” Such behavior has been considered criminal in UAE for a long time, though the law was rarely enforced against expats living in the financial hub of Dubai and other emirates. [43] Article 1 and Article 66 of UAE's Penal Code requires hudud crimes to be punished with the death penalty;[43][44] therefore, apostasy is punishable by death in the UAE. In Sharia Law, just as in other legal systems, a person is presumed innocent until proven guilty. Judges can issue a variety of non-punitive sentences including reprimand, putting young offenders under the supervision of a guardian, or rehabilitation. “Good Faith” This is another concept which is missing from English, American and other common law countries. While dancing with few friends after a night out may not be considered offensive in several countries, dancing in public is considered as indecent in UAE. Taking photographs of potentially sensitive UAE military and civilian sites or foreign diplomatic missions may result in arrest or detention. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset, and hence eating, smoking or drinking in public places during this month may not be acceptable. [57], A new federal law in the UAE prohibits swearing in Whatsapp and penalizes swearing by a $68,061 fine and imprisonment,[58] expats are penalized by deportation. Personal Status courts have exclusive jurisdiction to hear family disputes, including matters involving divorce, inheritances, child custody, child abuse and guardianship of minors. Certain unwitting actions, including wrong clothing choices may draw unwanted attention. The UAE Laws in English . 3. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has toughened penalties for the killing of women by family members as part of an overhaul of the country's Islamic laws. UAE nationals, in addition to being subjected to all general UAE laws, will also be imposed to some special obligations. The major parts of the constitution in general terms applicable to UAE laws and it sources can be derived from the following classification. Expatriates follow their own religions and that is tolerated. [4], The competence of Sharia Courts has been limited by presence of Civil and Criminal Courts. The changes also mean that Islamic law will rarely be used when it comes to family-law cases for non-citizens in the country. Regulating Labour Relations as amended by Federal Laws No.24 of 1981, NO.15 of 1985 and No.12 of 1986. Under the newly introduced laws, the traditional separation and division of assets during a divorce will be scrapped, especially for expats. 2 of 2015. [2], The UAE penal code is not based completely on Islamic Sharia, but derives several elements from it. 12, No. Contact Ministry of Justice to see how you can subscribe to a copy of the UAE Official Gazette. In a major change, for couples who were married in their home country but want to get a divorce in the UAE, laws of the country where the marriage took place would apply. Any public display of affection or immodesty is not tolerated in the UAE, and may be subjected to imprisonment. Writer/blogger who writes on topics such as travel, real estate, employment and everyday life on GCC countries, © 2005 - 2021 Guide2dubai.com. The UAE federal system includes courts of first instance (trial court), courts of appeal and the court of cassation (Supreme Court). (1) of 1972, On the Competencies of the Ministries and Powers of the Ministers and its amendments; . The UAE announced the biggest overhaul of its legal system in years on Saturday, affecting everything from divorce and inheritance to the consumption of alcohol. [53], Romantic kissing in public places is considered discourteous to the Emirati culture and is discouraged and can be punished by law. Non Muslims cannot be punished by flogging under Sharia Principles for consuming alcohol and this has been confirmed by UAE Federal Law No.52 of year 2006. ", "Nose kiss, anyone? The branch can be 100% owned by the foreign company, but it is mandatory for the company to appoint a local service agent, which should be UAE nationals or companies owned by UAE nationals. Many of the laws in the UAE are based on Sharia law and you should keep that in mind at all times. The Government of UAE mandates that every person residing in the UAE should possess a national identity card. Legislation for the Protection Against Domestic Violence. The decree will introduce amendments to the UAE Federal Law No. [54] Engaging in sexual intercourse in public areas is a crime punishable by law. Transport of any such and all types of law enforcement equipments are usually taken seriously by the UAE, wherein it has already shown its ability to enforce its laws in such matters.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'guide2dubai_com-box-4','ezslot_0',118,'0','0'])); Apart from this, UAE's stringent anti-narcotics program bans poppy seeds, otherwise used in other cultures for culinary purposes, on its list of controlled substance. All emirates in the UAE, including Dubai, is strict in its moral and ethical code. Constitutional laws. Through this page, you can read about the laws issued by the UAE government laws over the years on budget preparation, the formation of the UAE Cabinet, Value Added Tax (VAT), the establishment of the Federal Tax Authority and bankruptcy; in addition to laws related to the sectors of industry, commerce and education such as the laws concerning the public revenues of the state, the law regulating … If involved in an accident, the UAE law emphasizes that you remain there until authorities arrive. For starters, like many Middle Eastern countries, the UAE has the death penalty for serious crimes such as murder, rape, and treason. The UAE law is strict in marking the materials and products that have passed the regulated standards and any parts subject to the violation shall be confiscated.To read more about the regulation on modifying your vehicle and other useful information regarding the effective rules, you may visit www.esma.gov.ae. 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