The quick ratio (sometimes called the acid-test) is similar to the current ratio. Financial ratios are usually split into seven main categories: liquidity, solvency, efficiency, profitability, equity, market prospects, investment leverage, and coverage. Nominal Determining individual financial ratios per period and tracking the change in their values over time is done to spot trends that may be developing in a company. Direct Material cost ratio of the firm is has less material cost during the period of 2004-05 &2007-08 … Financial ratio analysis compares relationships between financial statement accounts to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a company. And again increase in next two year slithightlliy. The current assets turnover ratio is increasing during the period of 2004-06 and again it decrease in the period of 2006-07. Simplifying Ratios . This can be done by finding the greatest common factor between the numbers and dividing them accordingly. Financial ratio analysis can be used in two different but equally useful ways. Track company performance. If the stock is selling for $60 per share, and the company's earnings are $2 per share, the ratio of price ($60) to earnings ($2) is 30 to 1. Ratio analysis is not only useful to internal parties of business concern but also useful to external parties. A ratio is a statistical yardstick that provides a measure of the relationship between two variables or figures. Financial ratio analysis assesses the performance of the firm's financial functions of liquidity, asset management, solvency, and profitability. Cost Volume Profit Analysis. Ratio Analysis: Meaning, Classification and Limitation of Ratio Analysis! No matter how a ratio is written, it is important that it be simplified down to the smallest whole numbers possible, just as with any fraction. These ratios are calculated from current year figures and then compared to past years, other companies, the industry, and also the company to assess the performance of the company. With a ratio comparing 12 to 16, for example, you see that both 12 and 16 can be divided by 4. These are still widely used today as a way to describe the characteristics of a variable. Ratio analysis is a tool brought into play by individuals to carry out an evaluative analysis of information in the financial statements of a company. The debt ratio compares a business's debt to its assets as a whole. Since inventory is sold and restocked continuously, subtracting it from your assets results in a more precise visual than the current ratio. Knowing the scale of measurement for a variable is an important aspect in choosing the right statistical analysis. In the 1940s, Stanley Smith Stevens introduced four scales of measurement: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio. This analysis discloses the prevailing relationship among sales, cost and profit. A debt-to-equity ratio looks at a company's overall debt as compared to its investor-supplied capital; with this ratio, a lower figure is generally safer (although too low can indicate an excessively cautious, risk-averse company). The cost is divided into two. The basic financial ratios compare costs and revenue for a particular period. 11. Meaning: Ratio analysis is the process of determining and interpreting numerical relationships based on financial statements. Ratio analysis—the foundation of fundamental analysis—helps to gain a deeper insight into the financial health and the current and probable performance of the company being studied. The purpose of conducting a ratio analysis is to interpret financial statements to determine the strengths and weaknesses of a firm, as well as its historical performance and current financial condition. 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